What Is News?
News is a type of content that is written to report on current events or noteworthy items. This information is typically delivered in a factual and objective manner, adhering to journalistic principles. News is available in a variety of forms, from local newspapers and radio to online media. These articles often cover a wide range of topics, including politics, sports, culture, and more. When writing an article about news, it is important to focus on the five Ws: who, what, where, when, and why. This will help ensure that the reader is informed of all aspects of the story.
There are a number of different types of news, ranging from the mundane to the fantastic. However, most news is centred around people – whether they are the victims of an accident or disaster, the subject of an investigation, or the person who makes the headlines.
In addition, the things that happen in society make news – the big political and social upheavals, new inventions and discoveries, and changes in lifestyle and fashion. These may be global events, or local stories of interest. For example, a new way of frying vegetables might be significant to many households, but it is unlikely to attract much attention outside that particular region.
Other events that can make news are weather, food and drink – both the problems and pleasures of eating and drinking. Stories about food shortages and gluts, or about the quality of wine in a restaurant, are of interest to many readers. A new restaurant or pub opening in a town is also likely to attract interest and attention from readers.
Entertainment can be a source of news, with music and drama programs on radio and television, and crosswords and other puzzles in newspapers. In general, though, the job of the news is to inform, rather than entertain. This does not mean that it cannot be entertaining in its own way – the best pieces of news writing are usually those which surprise or amuse the audience.
It is not easy to decide what is and is not newsworthy. Events which are both new and unusual may not be of much interest unless they have a strong impact, involve violence or scandal, or relate to the rich and famous. For instance, scientists may report that they have discovered an insect which lives on a plant that it did not previously inhabit; this is interesting but probably not of general interest.
Some scholars have attempted to study how news is produced and distributed in order to understand what does and does not make the news. One approach is to analyse the content of newspaper reports, analysing how a story is selected and framed. For example, a study of a week’s worth of news stories in one city showed that 63% of the stories were initiated by government officials. The other 14% was generated by the press and interest groups. The remaining stories were a mix of fires, accidents and traffic incidents.