Political and Administrative Law
Power to make law is a function of political power. This power can be exercised by military or political force. Politics is often filled with revolts against political-legal authority. It is important to remember that political systems vary greatly from nation to nation. In many cases, the power to make laws is exercised by military power.
Administrative law is the body of law that regulates the executive branches of government. It involves adjudication, rulemaking, and the enforcement of laws. This branch of the law is also considered a branch of public law. Often, the law involves issues of ethics, governmental transparency, and fairness. Here’s an overview of the subject.
Administrative law is an important aspect of public policy and governs a variety of government programs. These range from the regulation of food and water safety to occupational safety and welfare programs. In addition, it governs the implementation and enforcement of public health policies. For example, administrative law governs regulations involving lead paint, quarantine orders, and eligibility decisions for public benefits.
International law has been shaped by international political events. In the Cold War, the world was plagued by a series of threats, most of which were linked to the Soviet Union and its allies. As a result, the UN Security Council struggled to fulfill its functions, as most resolutions by one side were likely to be vetoed by the other.
Various factors contributed to the development of international law, including the Greek philosophers of the Byzantine Empire and the printing press, which promoted the development of science and humanism. Increased exploration of the world by European states also challenged scholars to develop conceptual frameworks. In addition, the formation of centralized states like Spain and France brought more wealth and trade, and these centralized states demanded more sophisticated rules.
Philosophy of law
Philosophy of law, or legal philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that examines the nature of law and the relationship between law and human values, practices, and political communities. Philosophers have traditionally argued that law has certain general, abstract properties that can be discerned through philosophical analysis. Law has many purposes, including providing an understanding of social and political order.
In its simplest form, law consists of rules and obligations that humans are expected to follow. These normative rules guide behavior and give rise to reasons for action. However, the nature of law is complex and its definition is often contested. Ultimately, philosophers’ interest in law stems from an intellectual curiosity.